Noah’s Flood and the Ice Age

In a short video clip titled “Who Killed the Wooly Mammoth?”[1] National Geographic attempts to explain the extinction and death of the Wooly Mammoth by means of a meteor impact. The video is basically a defense of how a meteor could have killed the Mammoths while not leaving any evidence (an impact crater) behind. Their solution to the missing crater? Easy. The Laurentide Ice Sheet (an ice sheet that at one time extended from the Arctic north through east Canada and down to the northern United States). The Ice Sheet, according to National Geographic, basically served as a mask that covered up any traces of a meteor hitting it and killing the Mammoths. But is this accurate? Is this an accurate representation of the evidence that we do have?

The video makes one claim that says the Mammoths were probably killed off by the blast of a meteor, which hit the planet with the energy “100 times that of nuclear bombs.” This attempt to attribute the death of the Mammoths by extreme heat does not take into consideration all the evidence. For example, the Mammoths which were found ‘quick frozen’ in Siberia serve as evidence against this theory. By ‘quick frozen’ I mean, that the Mammoth was found completely frozen, with semi-undigested green subtropical plants still in its mouth and stomach.[2] In order to freeze a Mammoth in such a way that the whole thing freezes without the inside rotting, and while keeping the food it just ate prior to its untimely death still green and undiges ted, would had to have been frozen very rapidly, and in extremely cold temperatures; -150o F at least, in an almost immediate time span.[3] This intimates that that the source of the Mammoth’s death was not heat from a meteor, but rather, from the ice of an ice meteor.

The impact crater that National Geographic is looking for is actually the Ice Sheet itself, the very thing that they claim is hiding their evidence. The amount of ice present is simply way too much for uniformitarianism to explain by way of millions of years of snow. For instance, in 1958 it was discovered in Antarctica just off the Ross Shelf, that the ice was 10,000 feet thick, the second half of that being below sea level.[4] It might be useful for us to notice that it is extremely rare for snow to accumulate 5,000 feet below sea level, on bedrock! Not only so, but Antarctica sees only eight inches of snow per year, and even less than that the more inland one goes. It seems a little too much to believe that eight or less inches of snow per year could create a huge ice continent such as Antarctica. Thus we must ask, “Out of whose womb came the ice?” (Job 38:29a). We must also ask how the ice age relates to the flood?

One theory, which is by no means original with me, takes into account some peculiarities of the Bible. In Genesis 7:11, we read, “…on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth[5] and the windows of the heavens were opened.” I understand this phrase to be a reference to “the waters above the firmament” in Genesis 1:7. It is proposed that this refers to a water or vapor canopy that existed above the earth. While this theory is finding less and less adherents, I find myself still attached to it (probably for a lack of scientific knowledge). This phrase in Genesis, coupled with Job 38:29, might give us a hint as to the origins of the ice age. Job 38:29 says, “From whose womb did the ice come forth, and who has given birth to the frost of heaven?” The next verse says, “The waters become hard like stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.” Interestingly enough, the discussion then takes a turn about the constellations, and then comes back again to talk about flood waters. What is the significance of this? First, I find it very interesting that the frost is from heaven, and that the discussion takes a turn to talk about the heavens and the constellations, only to then return back to a discussion of the flood. This seems to lend itself to the possibility that the ice came from outer space, possibly an ice meteor.

The ice meteor, it is proposed by Kent Hovind,[6] broke apart as it was flying through the solar system, which accounts for the craters on the Moon and Mercury, the canyons on Mars, and also possibly the ice in the rings of Saturn. As the ice chunks were coming toward the earth it is proposed that the super-cold ice which had a temperature of around -150o to -300o F fell upon the polar regions. The reason it fell upon the polar regions is due to the earth’s magnetic field, which would have deflected the ice toward the poles. Also, since super-cold ice is highly statically charged, it would have been magnetically attracted to the poles where the poles are more magnetized.

This large dump of ice upon the earth would have caused the water canopy to collapse. It would have also caused the earth to split (where we find the fault lines today) which would have caused the fountains of the deep to burst forth. The large dump of ice would have also produced an imbalance in the rotation of the earth, which accounts for why the earth is titled on it axis today at 23o. This titling of the earth is what causes the seasons on our planet, which ironically, the Bible first mentions changes in seasons after the flood, cf. Gen. 8:22. Also, since the temperature of the world at that time was most likely tropical warm the whole world over, when the ice fell to the earth, cold air collided with warm air which caused it to rain. The rain from the water canopy, the rain from the cold front and the warm atmosphere, and the water from the fountains of the deep provided all the water needed to flood the earth. And all this was made possible because of the ice that proceeded forth from the womb of God.[7]


Brown, Walt, In the Beginning, 8th edition. Phoenix: Center for Scientific Creation, 2008.

Hovind, Kent, “The Hovind Theory,” Creation Science Evangelism Web site, Adobe Flash Player 10, 45:00 (accessed October 20, 2010).

National Geographic, “Who Killed the Wooly Mammoths?”, season 1 episode 12, released October 01, 2007, Youtube Web site, (accessed October 15, 2010).

Oard, Michael, “The Ice Age and the Genesis Flood,” (accessed October 20, 2010).

Pattern, Donald W. Pattern, “The Ice Epoch” in Henry Morris, ed. A Symposium on Creation. Grand Rapids: Baker, 1968.

Vardiman, Larry, “Out of Whose Womb Came the Ice?”, (accessed October 20, 2010).

Whitcomb, John C. Whitcomb, The World That Perished. Winona Lake, Indiana: BMH Books, 1973.

[1] “Who Killed the Wooly Mammoths?” National Geographic, (accessed October 15, 2010).

[2] Donald W. Pattern, “The Ice Epoch” in Henry Morris, ed. A Symposium on Creation, (Grand Rapids: Baker, 1968), 129. Other animals found in the ice frozen in Siberia are Bison, Camel, Bobcat, Horse, Rhinoceros, etc.

[3] John C. Whitcomb, The World That Perished, (Winona Lake, Indiana: BMH Books, 1973), 77-80.

[4] Donald W. Pattern, “The Ice Epoch”, 124.

[5] A compelling theory, known as the Hydro-Plate Theory, suggests that most of the water from the flood came from subterranean water chambers. See Walt Brown, In the Beginning, 8th edition, (Phoenix: Center for Scientific Creation, 2008), pg. 103ff.

[6] Kent Hovind, “The Hovind Theory,” Creation Science Evangelism Web site, Adobe Flash Player 10, 45:00, (accessed October 20, 2010).

[7] This is just one theory among many, one that makes the most sense to me. For further reading and different views on the Ice Age see Michael Oard, “The Ice Age and the Genesis Flood,” (accessed October 20, 2010); Larry Vardiman, “Out of Whose Womb Came the Ice?”, (accessed October 20, 2010); Walt Brown, In the Beginning8th edition, (Phoenix: Center for Scientific Creation, 2008).

Waters, Light, Darkness – Reflections on Genesis 1:1-7

1In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth. 2The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

The darkness was over the face, or surface of the deep. The deep, or the Abyss, is a simple reference to the ocean, or the seas. This is plain. But the Deep is symbolized later in Scripture as the place of Death, or the grave, or Sheol (Jonah 2). The picture we are given here is a place of “watery” death, and Darkness is what this “watery” death consists of, as well as chaos, confusion, and emptiness (“without form and void”). But above the deep darkness of “watery” death, we have the Spirit of God moving, hovering, providing hope.

3And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light. 4And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness. 5God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.

God separates the light from the darkness, and it seems that since the darkness is related to the watery death, the light is related and separated unto to the Spirit of God. The Day then, symbolizes the Spirit of God, and the Night, symbolizes death and Sheol. Paul says in Romans 13:11-14,

11Besides this you know the time, that the hour has come for you to wake from sleep. For salvation is nearer to us now than when we first believed. 12 The night is far gone; the day is at hand. So then let us cast off the works of darkness and put on the armor of light. 13 Let us walk properly as in the daytime, not in orgies and drunkenness, not in sexual immorality and sensuality, not in quarreling and jealousy. 14But put on the Lord Jesus Christ, and make no provision for the flesh, to gratify its desires.

1 Thessalonians 5:4-9 also speaks of Christians as being “children of the light” and “children of the day.”  Here in the very first few verses of Genesis we see that God associates the Spirit of God with the Day and with Light. Daytime and Light are symbols then that God has embedded in His creation to reflect and represent God, particularly God the Holy Spirit.

6And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.” 7And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so.

Notice that God in verse 2, in referring to the waters of the deep refers to it as “the deep”, which darkness is over.   But when discussing the Spirit of God hovering over the water, the water is referred to as “the waters.” There seems to be a difference and a distinction being made here between “the deep” that darkness is over, and “the waters” that the Spirit of God is moving and hovering over. Only when we get to verse 6 do we understand that “the waters”, which is related to the Spirit of God, are both simultaneously on Earth and in Heaven at the same time, and in the same place, i.e., on Earth. Not until the expanse, or firmament is established to separate “the waters which were below the expanse from the waters which were above the expanse”, do we see that “the waters”  were in Heaven and in Earth at the same time. In order for this to be so, Heaven and Earth must have been one before the firmament was created. The firmament therefore symbolizes for us the Transcendence of God, and though mankind has not been created and has not sinned yet in the story, the existence of the firmament also symbolizes the need for the Earth to be made one with Heaven once again. The simple fact that the second day is the only day that was not seen by God as “good” lends credence to such a view

We also are now presented with a picture of the world, one that says that Earth is to be like Heaven. The Spirit of God that moves over “the waters”  is both in Heaven and in Earth, which is now  separated as a result of the firmament being established. I think it would be a grave mistake to think that just because the firmament separated “the waters below” from “the waters above” that the Spirit of God departed only to sphere of “the waters above”, i.e. Heaven.

In Revelation 4:5-6 John is brought to the Throne-room of Heaven, and what does he see?

5From the throne came flashes of lightning, and rumblings and peals of thunder, and before the throne were burning seven torches of fire, which are the seven spirits of God, 6and before the throne there was as it were a sea of glass, like crystal.

John sees the Spirit of God symbolized by fire, which gives forth light, and He is directly connected to the “sea”. Similarly, Ezekiel, though not taken all the way up into the throne room, sees something very similar. He sees a vision of the Throne-Room of Heaven in chapter 1 of his book,  except from underneath “the waters above”. He properly calls it the expanse, or firmament. He too sees the Light that is connected with the Spirit which is connected with the “waters above”, which is characterized by the expanse

26And above the expanse over their heads there was the likeness of a throne, in appearance like sapphire; and seated above the likeness of a throne was a likeness with a human appearance. 27And upward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were gleaming metal, like the appearance of fire enclosed all around. And downward from what had the appearance of his waist I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and there was brightness around him. 28Like the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud on the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness all around.

Finally John closes the Revelation by seeing the restoration of what was true on the very first day of Creation, the reunion of Heaven and Earth.

1Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. 2And I saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. 3And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. 4 He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.

Here we see that with the abolition of the sea, death and the those things that correspond thereunto, are also abolished. The sea, in this respect refers to ” the darkness of the deep.” And since there is no more darkness of the deep, the light will continue to shine forever. But in the New Jerusalem, there is no need for light, which is the symbol of God, for God Himself will be the light, and the symbol will give way to the reality.

22And I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the Almighty and the Lamb. 23And the city has no need of sun or moon to shine on it, for the glory of God gives it light, and its lamp is the Lamb. 24By its light will the nations walk, and the kings of the earth will bring their glory into it, 25and its gates will never be shut by day—and there will be no night there.

Crown of Thorns: Reversing the Curse

And they clothed him in a purple cloak, and twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on him. -Mark 15:17 ESV

After the fall, God told Adam that the ground would be cursed and it would bring forth thorns and thistles (Gen. 3:18). When Christ was crowned with thorns, He was taking upon Himself the curse of sin, not just for humanity,but also the curse of Creation. In His death, Christ absorbed the curse and sin. In His resurrection, He defeated sin, death, and the grave, and reversed the curse that had subjected creation to futility (Rom. 8:20-22). It is then with this that we can further understand why Mark records Jesus as commissioning His disciples with a charge to, “Go into all the world and proclaim the gospel to the whole creation.” – Mark 16:15 ESV

Helpful Links

Reversing the Fall and Setting Creation Free by Vern Poythress

Reversing the Curse? by Peter Leithart

Resurrected Son of God: Seth and Jesus

Chapter 5 of Genesis provides us with an intersting concept regarding the “Sons of God.”

This is the book of the generations of Adam. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. Male and female he created them, and he blessed them and named them Man when they were created. When Adam had lived 130 years, he fathered a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth

Notice that Adam is made after the likeness of God (v.1). Also note Adam’s son is not Cain, nor Abel, but Seth, who is made in the likeness and image of his father Adam, who is made in the image and likeness of God. Therefore, Seth, and his descendents, are Sons of God (Gen. 6:2).

After the fall, Cain, a son of God, was born. The Text literally reads, “Now Adam knew Eve his wife and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have gotten a man, the LORD.” (Gen. 4:1)

Eve was recognizing the promise of God to bring about her seed to crush the head of the serpent. She thought He was to be the redeemer. He was not.

Abel was then born, who was also a son of God. Cain proved himself not be (a son of God), as well as not worthy of eternal life, and murdered his brother Abel, who was a true son of God. Then Seth is born, who is the true Son of God. It is through him and his descendants that the godly  line carries on and brings “redemption” to the world.

We see here in this story, Abel, a son of God (though proving himself not to be), killing his brother, another son of God (who truly was). The Jews were sons of God, but proved not to be by their killing of the true Son of God, Jesus. But with the “New Birth” of Seth (another True Son of God), “people began to call on the name of the LORD” (Gen. 4:26). And in that we see a type of “Resurrection from the dead”, in Seth arising after the death of Abel. The end result is that people began calling on the Name of the LORD.

Hence, the Two resurrected Sons of God who brought redemption to the world are Seth and Jesus.